A very frequent question from patients who have a rheumatic disease is if there exists some diet specially indicated to improve, or that may deteriorate his/her disease. If you have the curiosity to googling “rheumatism and diet”, you’ll be surprised at the enormous quantity of information on multiple websites. Most diets are useless or invented. None
has shown a specific benefit to cure or improve rheumatism. I leave Gout apart because this disease deserves a separate few lines
But using common sense, any person can improve his/her general heath status. Mediterranean diet is not specific for rheumatism; this is part of the culture of Mediterranean countries. Mediterranean diet has demonstrated that is possible to live better and longer:
- If you are obese or overweight, lose weight. Combine with exercise
- Eat five times daily
- Use Olive Oil
- Take fruit, vegetables and legumes in abundance
- Eat pasta, but be careful with dressing¡
- Take fish rich in omega 3 (fish such as salmon, sardines, etc.) but keep in mind they are quite caloric
- Take some walnuts, nuts. A few there are caloric
- Eat white meat., chicken, white veal, etc.
- Red meat is only recommended one time every 12-15 days
- Avoid fried food as much as possible (crisps, chips, etc.)
- You may take several eggs a week (5-6)
- Take care with greasy sausages and cheeses.
- Drink one or two glasses of wine a day. But it’s good wine. You know this quote life is too short to drink bad wine
- But mostly especially use your common sense
The following studies have been taken fromhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mediterranean_diet
A meta-analysis published in BMJ in 2008 showed that following strictly the Mediterranean diet reduced the risk of dying from cancer and cardiovascular disease as well as the risk of developing Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease. The results report 9%, 9%, and 6% reduction in overall, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality respectively. Additionally a 13% reduction in incidence of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases is to be expected provided strict adherence to the diet is observed.
A 2010 meta-analysis published in the The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that the Mediterranean diet conferred a significant benefit with regard to the risk of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer.
A 2011 meta-analysis published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology analyzed the results of 50 studies (35 clinical trials, 2 prospective and 13 cross-sectional) covering about 535,000 people to examine the effect of a Mediterranean diet on metabolic syndrome. The researchers reported that a Mediterranean diet is associated with lower blood pressure, blood sugar, and triglycerides.
A meta-analysis published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in 2013 compared Mediterranean, vegan, vegetarian, low-glycemic index, low-carbohydrate, high-fiber, and high-protein diets with control diets. The research concluded that Mediterranean, low-carbohydrate, low-glycemic index, and high-protein diets are effective in improving markers of risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
In 2014, two meta-analyses found that adherence to a Mediterranean diet was associated with a decreased risk of type 2 diabetes. Another 2014 systematic review and meta-analysis found that adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with a decreased risk of cancer mortality.